PART II: REQUIREMENTS AND PROHIBITIONS ON ALL GOVERNMENTS

ARTICLE 1: GENERAL

Section 1: Definitions

The word “government” (unless specified) shall refer to any branch (legislative, executive, judicial, or custodial) at any level (federal, state, locality, territorial, or other) unless specified otherwise; All governments are required to respect the Rights and Responsibilities of the People;

Section 2: Base Qualifications for Officeholders

[1] No person shall hold any office, civil or military, who shall have engaged in espionage, treason, terrorism, insurrection, or secession against the United States, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability;

(This is part of the text of the fourteenth amendment which I modified.)

[2] Each elected, appointed, or otherwise selected officeholder must have completed a two year course in post-secondary education, or equivalent, (like electronics tech, nurse, or plumber, as well as those with university degrees, and a test of competency could be created for dropouts like Bill Gates…my intention being that people without some minimum level of intelligence, ability, and dedication to learn also don’t have the ability to govern.), must have passed one university-level course on (1) American Government (with an emphasis on the Declaration of Independence, the original U.S. Constitution, and this one), (2) American History from colonial times until now, and (3) European History (with an emphasis on Britain), must be eligible for a secret security clearance (which must be standardized, transparent, public, must list the specific reasons for denial, and be appealable to a court and reversible) (Shouldn’t they be somewhat trustworthy? But shouldn’t they also be able to defend their reputation against smears and/or those trying to prevent them from running for office?), and may not have been convicted of a felony (and not pardoned), nor have been previously impeached and removed (or expelled) from any office, nor at any time been adjudged mentally incompetent by relevant authority, nor be indigent at the time of being considered for office. Indigent (unless specifically excluded in this Constitution) shall be defined as receiving any money at all from the taxpayer that is not (1) an advance rebate (prebate) of the sales taxes that a person at the Federal poverty level would pay, (2) a rebate of over collected taxes, or (3) they have not earned from pension for disability from injuries sustained from: (A) war or enemy action while in the service of the United States, or (B) criminal action as a law enforcement officer (including National Guard troops called to quell Domestic Violence) while in the service of any government. Those desiring to be considered shall pay a nominal fee to have an election official check their background and confirm that they have met the qualifications, and to be certified as a candidate, the date of certification which shall be no later than 121 days before the election. An equal, base amount of taxpayer funds shall be allotted to each candidate who has garnered the signatures of one percent of the voters (for self-promoters), or who was a winner of a lottery (for random-promoters), according to State law (or Federal law, as applicable) who is also free to use his own funds, and raise more from legal supporters, subject to the Rights and restrictions on political expression. There shall be a complete blackout of news, polls, or projections about the elections from midnight to midnight on Election Day. Vote fraud, engaged in by the voter, an election official, or aided by another, shall be a felony.

(Legislators [in theory] are supposed to have the job of being well-informed of their constituents’ wants and to keep well-informed of the news and the topics on which they legislate. They are NOT smarter than us…in fact, many of them are dumber based on their public statements. This is merely the stuff we would do if we didn’t have jobs. These requirements are pretty minimal. Honest, basically competent, and self-sufficient people who are not a drain are eligible. Average Joes who were chosen by random-promotion [see below] would be able to run for office with a fair chance of winning because they get some money from the taxpayers. Elections should have both public and private financing. An election using only government (public) funds insulates the government [and its candidates] from responsiveness to the people, basically giving the people no direct recourse from government. However, being able to get some money from the government allows average citizens to run for office instead of only the well-off, permitting the public to check the oligarchy. Using both sources of funding prevents both the government and factional private interests from getting an upper hand…keeping the foxes from guarding the henhouse. Self-promoters would need to get 1% of the signatures of voters. A contributing factor to the Bush-Gore debacle in 2000 was all the polls and projections, which likely caused some people to stay home.)

Section 3: Rules for Elections

An election shall be held every year on the third Thursday of November (the week before Thanksgiving) to decide all Federal elective offices, referenda, and initiatives (as you will see, I don’t trust any politician anymore. All laws need to be approved by a majority of voters), and shall be the same for all States. Otherwise, the Times, Places and Manner (such as 8am or 9am, where to put polls, and whether to use paper or electronic ballots, etc.) of holding Elections shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by Law make or alter such Regulations. Elections shall not be at unusual times or polls set up at inconvenient places, and Citizens shall be able to enter into a polling place unimpeded (without a Black Panther blocking the way), be able to vote in secret, be free of intimidation (such as having a Black Panther/KKK/Nazi/Anarchist/RadicalChristian/RadicalMuslim/True Believer telling you that you need to vote a certain way), have a preprinted ballot that is easily understood (unlike Florida with chads, or California with confusingly similar initiatives), be able to vote for anyone Constitutionally qualified, and have their votes accurately counted and reported within a fairly short period of time. Pains must be taken by each State’s Secretary of State to ensure those in the Military or Foreign Service are able to cast a vote, or be subject to punishment.

(Some Secretaries of State seem to always get ballots to felons, but not to Soldiers. I personally would like to lock these evil SOB’s…err…SOS’s up.)

Section 4: Political Parties

Political Parties shall have the following rules for transparency governing the selection of who they back for office:

(Under this Constitution, Parties would still influence elections, but be weaker and more transparent. Both the Republicans and Democrats have their own non-transparent means of selecting who gets the nod, which is the antithesis of a democratic election. They give you a “choice” between a skunk and a rat, and call it “fair.” Not here. Those “average Joes” who have shown a record of voting for a particular party [based on their voter registration] get to choose the candidates, instead of the kingmakers. A Democrat who wanted to mess up a Republican Party candidate would find it difficult even if they always registered as Republicans, and vice-versa, since most people would be more interested in voting for the guy they like, instead of consistently registering to vote for the guy they don’t want. Since I don’t allow incumbents [read on], this would ensure that opponents don’t ensure that the “lamest” challenger gets selected.

As a side note, many people lament that people vote for a Party instead of investigating who the “best” candidate is. I think there is some truth to this, but Political Parties serve a very important function in that you know their basic philosophy up front and can make a semi-informed choice with almost no information. I also think that the best way to get the “best” candidates is to back them in their selection by their Party [like I provide for here]: that way you can vote for a guy who shares your philosophy AND is capable, instead of a dud who only shares your philosophy.)

[1] Party-backed Candidates shall be chosen by voters who have been affiliated with that party for at least 2 of the last 3 elections, according to the voter registration rolls.

[2] The person receiving a majority of the votes for their office shall be the person backed by their Party.

[3] Each political party must have a platform (a formal stance on issues), and fill out a standard Platform Sheet which is used by all political parties for voter comparison, and may not run candidates without it. Each Candidate must also fill out a Platform Sheet, including those non-party backed, stating his stance on issues, and swear to uphold his stances.

(This would pin candidates down instead of them being able to get away with doublespeak. It would also anger their supporters when they break their oath, making it a little more likely that once they have bought into a position, they stay bought. Okay, that’s a bastardization that makes Mark Twain’s quip slightly less cynical, but you get the point.)

[4] All political parties shall choose their candidates on the same day, nationally, for all offices, national, State, county, municipal, territorial, and other, the date of which shall be 91 days before the election;

(90 days is long enough to get the word out about candidates.
An example of how candidates, party nominations, and general elections would work would be something like this:
A few Joe-sixpacks would be randomly selected to run in the general election, who would get some taxpayer money and be free to spend their own money and raise more from the public. Other people would be free to get the signatures of voters in the area they are running. If they get 1% of them, they are a candidate. They can use their own money and raise more from the public. This is basically the way it is done now. No one is prevented from running, but those with money have an advantage. Both the Joe-sixpacks and the self-promoters could catch the eye of a political Party and get its backing. The backing would be determined by a vote of that Party’s members, not by any insiders. This obviously would give the nominees an advantage, but the Joe-sixpacks still have enough public financing to get the word out about themselves even without Party-backing. The winner of the race would usually still be a Party-nominee, but [1] My process provides a strong avenue for Joe-sixpacks to become the nominee of a Party, instead of the “annointed ones” and [2] Joe-sixpacks would have enough money to become noticed by the voters regardless, and some of them would be elected without a Party. Either way, even a few Joe-sixpacks in office would screw up cozy cabals and make it difficult for factions to take over, which would limit government power and enhance freedom.)

Section 5: Oath

Before any Person enters into an office of the United States, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation:

“I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I shall faithfully execute my Duties as (relevant position), I shall not tolerate the less than faithful performance of others in the service of the United States, and to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.”

(This makes EVERYONE mindful of corruption, and that tolerating enemies of the Constitution is the same thing as condoning it, in the same way that West Point cadets take an oath to be honest, and that turning a blind eye to dishonest peers is the same as being dishonest themselves.)

Section 6: Public Disclosure

[1] All governments must keep records of, and disclose and publish to the public, all government acts and all government receipts and expenditures, which are uncopyrighted public domain (I have heard that some public acts in California are copyrighted (!)–how can you obey a public act if you don’t know about it, and how can they own it, or charge for it??), and must be available for everyone to see. Certain national secrets, mainly those related to defense, may be kept secret, for specified cause, for up to 50 years. Those requesting such records need not specify exactly, but may request records en masse (governments play a game by insisting you name documents that you have no way of knowing about). Research must be done by staff for original documents (so you can’t steal them a la Sandy Burglar…errr…Berger), but the requestor shall not be subjected to high copying fees. All governments are also required to digitize all public records and make all of them available online, free of charge.

[2] If there is no prominent public disclosure of a law, legal action, rule, injunction, public act, or other thing, then that Act is not in force, or enforceable.

(No secret laws or injunctions permitted here, as in the UK.)

[3] Any official who impedes the dissemination of such public information shall be guilty of a crime.

(Those ignoring Freedom of Information Act requests would suffer consequences…as would Secretaries of State [say, of Wisconsin] who drag their feet in publishing laws in order to impede their implementation.)

[4] Every three months, all government Officials must give an interview lasting not less than 15 minutes to a randomly chosen member of the news media.

(Today, these officials will occasionally come down off their perch to talk with some obsequious propagandist…err…journalist. Here, they have to sit and squirm for a full 15 minutes with someone who may be hostile.)

Section 7: Roads, Throughways, and Construction of Needful Structures

All governments may build needed roads (or other structures) by a vote of their Lawmaking body, and set the specifications therefor, but may not appropriate any money for their construction (Why couldn’t this be applicable to other government functions which would be done by a private company winning a competitive bid with all expenses paid by that company?). No roads (or structures) may be built that exclude the construction or competition of other roads (or structures). The process for roads shall be:

[1] The applicable government shall figure the most direct and inexpensive route and take land by eminent domain, then private companies shall put in bids per axle/mile. The lowest bidder wins the contract for the construction and maintenance, and the axle rate may be increased from time to time. The government shall count the number of axles passing over that road, and pay the axle rate for each, which shall be collected from a tax on fuel and any shortages paid from general revenue. The government shall lease the land to the company for 50 years for one dollar. The construction company shall have exclusive right to receive revenue for that road for those 50 years, and after that time, the government shall be able to buy the road for one dollar, and reopen it to all companies for competitive bid for operation and maintenance.

[2] The construction company shall be able to request construction for improvements during its contract. The company shall be assessed a safety fine for each vehicle accident with damages to person or property over five hundred dollars (in 2011 dollars), and for each fatality.

[3] The pay rate per axle shall be based on the hours of peak traffic flow. The rate shall be triple for peak rush hours (8-9 am) and (5-6 pm) from Monday through Friday. The rate shall be double for near peak hours (7-8 am and 9-10 am) and (4-5 pm and 6-7 pm).

[4] The company shall be responsible for all maintenance. Maintenance and new construction shall be at off-peak hours. It must synchronize traffic lights, have enough lanes, and build bridges and overpasses, as needed. The company may advertise for use, and its books must be open to the Public.

[5] Similar standards shall be applied to existing roads, and the construction or maintenance of waterways, canals, and aerospace throughways, and also for land, sea, and aerospace ports. Construction and maintenance on these structures needs to be done in a short period of time, and government, and its contractors, are liable for lost sales to private business from undue delays.

(You always see roads that take forever to be done and all the trouble to business that causes. Here, the company and government it works for are specifically liable.)

ARTICLE 2: SPECIFIC BILL OF REQUIREMENTS ON ALL GOVERNMENTS

[1] Laws and regulations must state what part of their Constitution (or organizing document) gives them the authority to exist. No government shall exercise powers not delegated to it by its Constitution (or organizing document); (Duh! Isn’t this obvious to everyone except Nancy Pelosi?)

[2] Laws and regulations supposedly based on science or data must have a specific and provable premise. (Global warming religionists would have to get inventive, here.)

[3] Laws and regulations may not make some unwarranted distinction between persons, or preferences favoring a group. If an act is illegal, then it shall be illegal for everyone, regardless of race, national ancestry, religion, profession, or other group classification. All laws shall apply to all people. All enforcers of the laws, in particular the President, Attorney General, and Inspector General, shall not pick and choose which laws to enforce and must equally enforce all laws on all persons with equal frequency. If an illegal act is so ubiquitous that most persons are performing it, then ANY enforcement is selective and therefore unequal; Masculine pronouns used in public acts and in this Constitution shall be gender neutral (unless clearly differentiated);

(Affirmative action “solves” discrimination with more discrimination: You are either against discrimination or you are not. If you say: Yeah! We’re getting even! Who are you getting even with? Me? I never gave anyone a hard time because of their race. Aren’t you doing to me what you claim was done to you? Stripping me of my humanity? If that’s the case, you and your “oppressors” are exactly the same: you’re just mad that they were better at it, and you have thus ceded any moral authority.)

[4] Each level must have a Republican and Democratic Form of Government: all Bills must be approved by voters by referendum, and Citizens may use the ballot initiative. (I think all bills at all government levels need to be approved by voters, and there be a way to do an end run around legislators.) Each must title All Bills and Resolutions descriptively, all provisions of that Bill or resolution must relate to the title, and each spending item must be sufficiently specific to allow it to be easily understood. A law, bill, or regulation must be stated in positive terms (not a double negative) and must use common language whenever possible. Governments must give Voters at least 45 days to read Bills;

(I heard about some of the shenanigans with California initiatives, with “not nots” which confuse people whether it is “for” or “against.”)

[5] All Laws, regulations, and all other government business within the confines of the United States, by all governments, must be in one language for purposes of comprehensibility and clarity, which shall be English. Territories whose first language is not English may have their laws translated, but in any controversies as to meaning, the English version shall prevail.

(Translations are always imperfect, which can be important when making distinctions in law. One language for the law avoids this trouble. Since the language of the vast majority of Americans is English, as is the common law, why mess with it? That doesn’t mean that courtesy translations can’t be made into Spanish [particularly for Puerto Rico] or Samoan [for American Samoa] or Babel, but English must prevail. I don’t think tax dollars [outside of these territories] should be used for these translations. Immigrants need to integrate to our ways, not the other way around. Is this unreasonable?)

[6] If a law or regulation puts a person out of business, he must be fairly compensatedat market rate.

(Every day, some politician rails against sumptin’ r’other, and puts someone out of business. It seems manifestly unfair that someone can invest their savings and many years into building a business, and have it outlawed. Politicians would be less quick if they had to pay.)

[7] Laws and regulations must be written for the broad welfare, not specific interests or preferences.

(You often hear about some law written to benefit or exempt some company or organization [basically a reverse Bill of Attainder that ‘inlaws’ something instead of ‘outlaws’ it – putting others at a disadvantage.])

[8] Laws and regulations shall take effect (or be altered or repealed) only once per year on January 3rd, unless specifically excluded for cause.

(This makes it much easier to keep track of laws, and to prevent their implementation too quickly. I foresee a yearly journal of changes which every person could read in one place.)

[9] Government must put the welfare of its People ahead of that of Foreigners, enforce its own laws, and may not impede others from doing so if it derelicts or contradicts this duty.

(The debate over illegal aliens is whether governments will treat foreigners unequally or better than those who live here. Those who agree with this are very clever in how they have framed this: these people are allowed to break the law coming in, then take away jobs, depress wages, be exploited, not pay for their medicine, get citizenship for their kids, drive around without licenses, and be treated unequally i.e. better, and then their proponents turn around and say that those who oppose these trespassers are “racist”, against “rights”, and “anti-immigrant.” They never seem to think that those who put Americans out of work, exploit these illegals with low wages, and then use them as pawns in a political game are the evil ones.

Or that selectively enforcing laws is the same as not enforcing any?

And that the people somehow don’t have the right to see that laws are enforced when one government derelicts this duty? I’ll bet they would scream bloody murder if equal opportunity laws were not enforced, but hey, that’s a favored cause, so it’s ok. Wouldn’t anarchy result from this? I guess they are saying that evil means are OK as long as the “cause” is Holy…which is what another group of national Socialists said, too. No one is against immigrants, just illegal ones.)

[10] All fines collected within the United States shall go to a chartered charity or fraternal organization, at the choice of the person fined, and no court or government shall receive any of it;

(This Constitution has no provision for government welfare, but has many means for the way “welfare” was practiced before the “welfare state”: fraternal organizations, like the Elks, and Charities, like the Catholic Church and other religious organizations, and many non-religious charities. By insisting that fines go to these organizations, they can care for unfortunates, and receive government money, but the money is taken from a person only for cause, not because they “earn too much” or whatever other pretext du jour they come up with. These organizations will provide only what is necessary to those who really need it, instead of the bureaucratic empires of today that make parasites rich. The “poor or unfortunate” are cared for, but not by Joe Sixpack being forced to pay taxes for it, or underwrite sloth. It also has the side benefit of preventing governments from stealing from people through fines. There is no incentive for fines to not be just and reasonable because no government gets any part of it. Read on: I also prevent kickbacks.

Part of the inspiration for this is that the Army gives fines collected from Article 15’s to the “Old Soldiers’ Home.”

I was also considering making fines payable to the Police, Courts, and Prisons [much like today]…a kind of “user fee” on lawbreakers, but this would likely encourage malfeasance and greed within these agencies: the opposite of what I want. Of course, that NEVER happens under the present system, does it? Naaahhh.)

[11] All governments shall implement effective means to prevent, investigate, and punish corruption, fraud, waste, and abuse, and protect witnesses and whistleblowers from retribution and financial loss. Private corruption investigations may be performed with a filing of notice, if a government Department ignores requests to investigate, and Congress shall make no law to hamstring this.

(This would interfere with politicians handing out patronage [boo hoo]. Many times law enforcement agencies are afraid to bite the hand that feeds them, and politicians are going to throw roadblocks in front of any such investigation, which may come to a predetermined conclusion anyway, so I think the People ought to be able to do it directly, just to keep the pols “honest”…errr…bad word choice, but you know what I mean.)

[12] Effective means shall be implemented to only buy what is provided for in this Constitution, be frugal, and efficient. Governments shall take suggestions from the public on how to more efficiently run government, and implement meritorious solutions.

(There seems to be no incentive for this. Contracts are given out for ridiculous pet projects that are ridiculously expensive. The politician gets his pet, and a crony gets what we pay for it. This situation is corrupt on its face.)

[13] Government projects at all levels must have a high benefit-to-cost ratio. A short synopsis of analysis and reasoning (that can be read in 15 minutes) must be provided to the public;

(By definition, this situation means corruption is going on. YOU wouldn’t pay a lot for some frivolous thing, would you?)

[14] All Branches, Departments, officials and their staffs may be investigated for any or no reason, at any time, relating to their duties; Anyone receiving a government benefit is subject to review at any time, for any or no reason;

(We have the right to keep them honest.)

[15] Should a Department refuse to comply with a court order, contempt citations shall be issued to the lowest ranking officials first to give higher ranking officials time to comply.

[16] Governments must obey the same laws that apply to the people, with equal frequency, and shall not have discretion which to enforce or not enforce.

[17] Government officials, and their departments, shall be bonded with their own money, to ensure proper adherence to the rules.

[18] All law enforcement officers and government officials shall swear an oath to be faithful to the Constitution and the public they serve, to perform their duties honorably, which shall be a higher standard than the average citizen, and be legally held to it.

[19] Government must create a convenient and effective non-judicial process for the People to challenge unreasonable decisions of executive and administrative bodies.

[20] Elected, appointed, and selected political position holders shall, upon leaving office, receive a severance equal to one-year of their compensation to allow them time to reintegrate into the private sector.

(This allows “average Janes and Joes” to hold office and not undergo hardship when they return to their previous life.)

ARTICLE 3: SPECIFIC BILL OF PROHIBITIONS ON ALL GOVERNMENTS

[1] No law or regulation shall ever be passed unless there is an absolute need for it; Nothing shall prevent a Law or regulation from being written to expire after a period of time, nor stating whether it may be reauthorized.

(There are so many frivolous laws out there: were the writers completely sure there was no other way to accomplish something without another law? No other way? Is it truly necessary?)

[2] No Law, regulation, bill, or initiative may be written in a manner where a significant minority of voters shall be confused as to its meaning, or it can be easily confused with another bill;

(I remember hearing on the news about an initiative in California where the opponents were unsuccessful in killing it, so they came up with another, very similar bill, that had confusing language with double negatives and was easy to confuse with the other bill.)

[3] No government shall implement a new regulation if quarterly GDP growth is negative, or less than half of its 10 year quarterly moving average. Whenever the cost of regulations exceeds 10% of a particular economy (federal, state, locality, or other), no new regulations may be implemented or even proposed;

[4] No government shall pay an individual or business a subsidy, create special privileges for it, or pay it to locate within its jurisdiction, nor compel any individual or business to provide a good or perform a service without just compensation;

[5] Government is prohibited from de facto invalidating a liberty or privilege, even if the letter of the law permits it;

(When California insists on ammunition having serial numbers, or high licensing fees, or anything else that makes exercising a right extremely difficult, it is slimy, and should be illegal. Maybe a 1000% tax on abortions is more to your liking? This fantasy Constitution prohibits any of this.)

[6] Laws, regulations, and court decisions that accomplish an effect in an indirect manner, that which would be illegal if done directly, shall be illegal.

[7] Governments are prohibited from creating dependency on government, or usurping the responsibilities of Persons.

[8] Current and former officeholders not authorized to negotiate foreign policy, and who do so, shall be guilty of a crime, and must be charged.

(When I see Jimmy Carter undercutting Bill Clinton on N. Korea, Teddy Kennedy talking with the Soviets in defiance of Ronald Reagan, or John Kerry undercutting George W. Bush, I think the U.S. Marshals should be waiting for them when they get off the plane.)

[9] No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law (including retroactive taxation) may be passed, to include the Nationalization of a company or industry. A company or its assets may only be seized after due process of law, before an impartial judge and jury.

[10] No government shall mandate (directly, indirectly, or effectively) the production, transport, barter, sale, or purchase of any good or service, nor shall it dictate prices, set quotas, or demand certain classes of goods or services be produced, but may only create standardized rules for those times when such acts occur, which it must show to be absolutely necessary, reasonable, and have a positive cost-benefit ratio, or shall it not be implemented.

(Neither RomneyCare nor ObamaCare would be legal under this clause. Also, price controls never work and ALWAYS result in shortages and high prices. Government doesn’t know better than the market what style [say, small cars] should be produced. Besides, it’s none of their business.)

[11] One branch of government may not usurp the Powers or Duties of another branch. Any attempt to do so is unenforceable, and should one branch refuse to perform any of its delegated functions, it shall be in dereliction of duty and contempt of Constitution, and its offending officials subject to contempt, impeachment (or expulsion), and removal by relevant Authorities.

[12] No Law may impair the Obligation of Contracts legally entered into.

1. To be legal, a contract may not be unconscionably one-sided, or entered into fraudulently, or as a result of government corruption. Certain types of contracts, to be defined by law, shall require express, informed consent. No contract may impair legal action to one side if the other side defaults on its obligations (like many credit cards and stockbrokers do), or make agreement to such a precondition, nor may a contract require a mediator or arbitrator favorable to either side, or in a venue that has only one judge (unless impossible), or before a judge that is likely to be favorable to either side.

2. Homeowner Association contracts must be set up with a fair and reasonable process for enforcing rules, which may only come in response to a complaint for a verified violation of a contract provision. Homeowners must have a convenient complaint process for resolving disputes with the HOA. All HOAs must have scheduled homeowner assemblies and a fair and reasonable self-governing process where owners may make and change rules;

(I understand intellectually that HOAs keep rusty cars on blocks out of front yards, but something also seems wrong that you can be told what to do on your own property, and that enforcement is so unequal, or unreasonable, with the HOA President’s buddies getting a pass while others don’t, or getting fined for flying an American flag because it is “insensitive” to foreigners, etc.)

[13] No Tax or Duty shall be laid on Articles exported from any State.

[14] No Preference shall be given by any Regulation of Commerce or Revenue to the Ports of one State over those of another: nor shall Vessels bound to, or from, one State, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay Duties in another.

[15] No Title of Nobility shall be granted by any government

[16] No Person holding any Office of Profit or Trust under the United States, shall, without the Consent of the Congress, accept of any present, Emolument, Office, or Title, of any kind whatever, from any King, Prince or foreign State.

[17] No government other than the Federal shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of Credit;

[18] No government shall lay any revenue device on exports or Tonnage. States may only perform inspections, which may not be excessive, on goods to be sold within that State, and charge a fee only to the extent absolutely necessary to cover their expenses.

[19] No government other than the Federal shall, without the Consent of Congress, keep Troops, or Ships of War in time of Peace, or with a foreign Power, or engage in War, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent Danger as shall not admit of delay.

[20] No court may instruct any government to levy or raise taxes; No Court may bar the passage of a law, but only deal with it afterwards;

[21] No Act of Congress (or ballot initiative) may bind future Congresses (or the People) from repealing or passing legislation, nor may it force future appropriations, nor cause actions to occur automatically when a normal vote would otherwise be required, nor impair action in any way to future Congresses.

[22]No person shall run for more than one office at one time.

[23] The United States Taxpayer shall not pay for any spending nor repay any debt that was not directly and explicitly approved by the Congress and then the People through referendum, or the People through initiative.

(Like the Federal Reserve loaning $7.7 trillion to foreign and other banks.)

[24] All votes must be actual. No one shall “deem” a bill, resolution, or other business to have been passed without an actual vote;

[25] No government program shall transfer wealth from one generation to another;

[26] Any person who is knowingly improperly confirmed for a government position, and takes office, shall be guilty of felony impersonation of an official, which has no statute of limitations.

(Like President Obama’s non-recess “recess” appointments.)

[27] No government shall create a law, regulation, court decision, executive order, or other effect, to take the property of another (which includes their labor, or outlawing a particular type of labor or livelihood) without recompense.

[28] No government shall create a law, and each Person shall have immunity from, paying for another person that can provide for himself if he applies himself. No person shall make a lifestyle choice and use the government to force another person to pay for it. Money shall only be collected and used only for those things that the citizen cannot perform himself, which are enumerated in Part IV, Article I, Section 1.

[29] No Government shall shall create a law, regulation, court decision, executive order, or other effect, that permits Plunder defined hereafter:
General Plunder-That which takes from some persons (that which belongs to them) and gives it to other persons (to whom it does not belong) without the receipients having performed a specific and valuable service to earn it, or if it does what the citizen himself cannot do without committing a crime.
Everything that applies to general plunder shall also apply to these specific types:
1. Plunder for Philanthropy–Each Person’s definition of philanthropy is different, thus, no government (or its agent, de jure or de facto) shall collect or disburse, money (or other valuable consideration) from or to a Person (including companies, charities, or any other organization) to be used for a Government’s idea of philanthropy (or charity).
2. Plunder for Faction- That which transfers money from one classification or group of people, to other people who have done nothing to earn it, or have not granted consent to their money being used. (Poor to rich, black to white, or vice versa.)

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